About Costa Rica
Costa Rica: A Central American gem.
Situated at the southernmost point of Central America, and bordered by Nicaragua to the North and Panama to the South, Costa Rica is small, Latin American country consisting of a land area that is less than 20,000 square miles, and boast a population of approximately 4.9 million people.
Costa Rica has long been recognized for its stable democracy in a region that has had some instability over the last century. Boasting a well-educated workforce, about 20% of the population speaks English, as well as their native language Spanish.
Once greatly dependent on agriculture, Costa Rica has expanded to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism.
Costa Rica was lightly inhabited by indigenous people before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained an outlying colony of Spain until its independence when it became part of the First Mexican Empire. After that, Costa Rica became a member of the United Provinces of Central America, from which it declared sovereignty in 1847.
Costa Rica has remained among the most stable, prosperous, and progressive nations in Latin America since that time. In 1949, following a brief civil war, and following a brief civil war, this small nation permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only sixteen sovereign nations with no official military forces.
Costa Rica has consistently performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), often referred to (though not to be confused with Disneyland) as, “the happiest place on earth.” It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Program as having reached higher human development levels than other developing countries of the same income level.
Costa Rica boasts admirably progressive environmental policies, and is the only country to meet all five UNDP criteria established to measure environmental sustainability. As global warming, sustainability, and energy conservation become more important to travelers, Costa Rica has become more and more popular as an eco-adventure vacation destination, in a big part because of the country’s strong stance on wildlife, as well as energy, conservation.